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  • Victorian Football Association (Australian sports organization)

    Australian rules football: Origins: …clubs met to form the Victorian Football Association (VFA) for the “promotion and extension of football throughout the colony” and the organization of intercolonial matches. During the 1870s over 125 clubs appeared in Melbourne, and another 60 senior clubs were established elsewhere in Victoria. A regular schedule of matches was…

  • Victorian Football League (Australian rules football organization)

    Australian rules football: Rise of the Victorian Football League: The depression of 1893–95 caused attendance at games to decline, and the VFA proposed a revenue-sharing scheme to assist struggling clubs. Leading clubs, which wanted more control over the game, opposed the scheme. In 1896 those eight leading clubs—Melbourne, Essendon, Geelong, Collingwood,…

  • Victorian literature (English literature)

    English literature: The post-Romantic and Victorian eras: Self-consciousness was the quality that John Stuart Mill identified, in 1838, as “the daemon of the men of genius of our time.” Introspection was inevitable in the literature of an immediately Post-Romantic period, and the age itself was as prone to self-analysis as…

  • Victorian morality (sociology)

    history of Europe: Victorian morality: To be sure, not everybody in Europe believed or worried about these affirmations. And although ideas long debated do in the end filter down to the least intellectual layers of the population, the time and place of triumph for a philosophy are limited…

  • Victorian period (chronology)

    Dionysian period, in the Julian calendar, a period of 532 years covering a complete cycle of New Moons (19 years between occurrences on the same date) and of dominical letters—i.e., correspondences between days of the week and of the month, which recur every 28 years in the same order. The product

  • Victorian rules football (sport)

    Australian rules football, a football sport distinctive to Australia that predates other modern football games as the first to create an official code of play. Invented in Melbourne, capital of the state of Victoria, in the late 1850s, the game was initially known as Melbourne, or Victorian, rules

  • Victorian Son, A (work by Cloete)

    Stuart Cloete: His autobiography, A Victorian Son, appeared in 1972.

  • Victorian theatre (entertainment arts)

    theatre: British theatre and stage design: In 19th-century Britain the audiences shaped both the theatres and the dramas played within them. The upper class favoured opera, while the working class, whose population in London alone tripled between 1810 and 1850, wanted broadly acted theatre with scenic wonders and machinery. And as the…

  • Victorianism (sociology)

    history of Europe: Victorian morality: To be sure, not everybody in Europe believed or worried about these affirmations. And although ideas long debated do in the end filter down to the least intellectual layers of the population, the time and place of triumph for a philosophy are limited…

  • victoriate (ancient coin)

    coin: The beginnings: …the reverse, and hence called victoriates. By about 190 a mainly silver coinage, Latin-inscribed, was in production at Rome and other authorized mints, accompanied by bronze coinage so greatly reduced in standard (and thus size) that it could at last be struck instead of being cast.

  • Victorinus of Pettau (Christian author)

    patristic literature: Late 2nd to early 4th century: Victorinus of Pettau was the first known Latin biblical exegete; of his numerous commentaries the only one that remains is the commentary on Revelation, which maintained a millenarian outlook—predicting the 1,000-year reign of Christ at the end of history—and was clumsy in style. Arnobius the…

  • Victorinus, M. Piavonius (Roman rebel leader)

    Marcus Cassianius Latinius Postumus: Later he took Victorinus (who succeeded him) as his colleague, perhaps as joint emperor. Postumus was killed in a mutiny of the legion of Mogontiacum (now Mainz, Ger.).

  • Victorinus, Marius (Roman philosopher)

    Platonism: Patristic Platonism: …the rhetorician and grammarian Marius Victorinus. A strong and simple Platonic theism and morality, which had a great influence in the Middle Ages, was nobly expressed in the final work of the last great philosopher-statesman of the ancient world, Boethius (c. 470–524). This was the De consolatione philosophiae (Consolation of…

  • Victorio (Apache leader)

    Nana: …Chiricahua leaders as Geronimo and Victorio. By the 1870s he had joined Victorio on the Apache reservation at Warm Springs, New Mexico, but in about 1877 they and their followers were moved by the U.S. government to an inhospitable reservation at San Carlos, Ariz. Victorio and many members of his…

  • Victorius of Aquitaine (Roman astronomer)

    Dionysian period: …called Victorian for the astronomer Victorius of Aquitaine, its first calculator (c. ad 465); Dionysian for Dionysius Exiguus, who revised Victorius’ figures in the 6th century; and Great Paschal because of its use in determining the date of Easter.

  • Victorius, Petrus (Italian scholar)

    classical scholarship: Beginnings of modern scholarship: Petrus Victorius (1499–1585) was the leading Italian scholar of his time, editing Aeschylus and Euripides and writing commentaries on Aristotle’s Rhetoric, Poetics, Politics, and Nicomachean Ethics, as well as editing other Greek texts and doing important work on Cicero; he concentrated on producing careful editions…

  • Victorville (California, United States)

    Victorville, city, San Bernardino county, southwestern California, U.S. Located nearly 100 miles (160 km) northeast of Los Angeles, it lies along the Mojave River in the Victor Valley at the edge of the Mojave Desert, just north of the San Bernardino Mountains. The settlement was founded in 1885 by

  • Victory (novel by Conrad)

    Joseph Conrad: Writing career: notable works, themes, and style: … in 1912, and his novel Victory, published in 1915, was no less successful. Though hampered by rheumatism, Conrad continued to write for the remaining years of his life. In April 1924 he refused an offer of knighthood from Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald, and he died shortly thereafter.

  • Victory (British ship)

    Victory, flagship of the victorious British fleet commanded by Admiral Horatio Nelson in the Battle of Trafalgar on Oct. 21, 1805. The ship is preserved today as a historic relic at Portsmouth, Eng. HMS Victory, launched at Chatham in 1765, was a 100-gun ship of the line with a length of 186 feet

  • Victory (film by Huston [1981])

    John Huston: Last films: …the World War II drama Victory (1981), which featured Caine, Sylvester Stallone, and football (soccer) great Pelé as Allied prisoners of war who engineer an escape from the Parisian stadium in which their team of prisoners is playing a German all-star team. Huston’s uneven big-budget adaptation of the Broadway hit…

  • Victory (work by Michelangelo)

    Michelangelo: Other projects and writing: …powerful political figure, and the Victory, a figure trampling on a defeated enemy, an old man. It was probably meant for the never-forgotten tomb of Pope Julius, because the motif had been present in the plans for that tomb. Victor and loser both have intensely complicated poses; the loser seems…

  • Victory Arches (monument, Baghdad, Iraq)

    Baghdad: Architecture and monuments: The Victory Arches (1988), which consist of two enormous sets of crossed swords nearly 150 feet (50 metres) high and mounted on bases in the form of a man’s forearm, were erected to celebrate Iraq’s self-proclaimed victory in the Iran-Iraq War and were purportedly cast from…

  • Victory Gallop (racehorse)

    Real Quiet: …duel down the stretch with Victory Gallop. This time Real Quiet won by two and a quarter lengths.

  • Victory Gate (gate, Fatehpur Sikri, India)

    Akbar period architecture: …a massive gateway called the Buland Darwaza (Victory Gate), gives a feeling of immense strength and height, an impression emphasized by the steepness of the flight of steps by which it is approached.

  • Victory in Europe Day (World War II [1945])

    Third Reich: The end of the Third Reich: …to take effect at midnight May 8–9. With the unconditional surrender, Hitler’s “Thousand-Year Reich” ceased to exist, and the responsibility for the government of the German people was assumed by the four occupying powers—the United States, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and France.

  • Victory over the Sun (opera by Matyushin)

    Mikhail Vasilyevich Matyushin: By December 1913 the opera Victory over the Sun had been mounted, with music by Matyushin, prologue by Khlebnikov, libretto by Kruchonykh, and costumes and sets by Malevich. The opera was noteworthy for its use of unprecedented sound effects, including the thunder of cannon fire and engine noise.

  • Victory Peak (mountain, Asia)

    Victory Peak, mountain in the eastern Kakshaal (Kokshaal-Tau) Range of the Tien Shan, on the frontier of Kyrgyzstan and China. It was first identified in 1943 as the tallest peak (24,406 feet [7,439 metres]) in the Tien Shan range and the second highest peak in what was then the Soviet Union; it is

  • Victory Program (United States history)

    Albert Coady Wedemeyer: …principal author of the 1941 Victory Program, a comprehensive war plan devised for the U.S. entry into World War II.

  • Victory Stele of Naram-Sin (Akkadian sculpture)

    Mesopotamian art and architecture: Sculpture: …the famous Naram-Sin (Sargon’s grandson) stela, on which a pattern of figures is ingeniously designed to express the abstract idea of conquest. Other stelae and the rock reliefs (which by their geographic situation bear witness to the extent of Akkadian conquest) show the carving of the period to be in…

  • Victory, Operation (Japanese military strategy)

    Battle of Leyte Gulf: The Japanese responded with Sho-Go (Victory Operation), a plan to decoy the U.S. Third Fleet north, away from the San Bernardino Strait, while converging three forces on Leyte Gulf to attack the landing; the First Attack Force was to move from the north across the Sibuyen Sea through the…

  • Victrola (phonograph)

    music recording: The early years: …influenced Victor’s other products: “Victrola” became, in the popular mind, almost a generic term for the (disc) phonograph, and the company practically monopolized the quality-minded market for many years. Indeed, the total Western Hemisphere record market became virtually monopolized by Victor and Columbia, while their London affiliates controlled the…

  • Vi?uga (Russia)

    Vichuga, centre of a raion (sector), Ivanovo oblast (region), western Russia. It lies about 18 miles (30 km) south of the Volga River and 40 miles (64 km) northeast of Ivanovo city. Vichuga developed from a number of industrial villages and was incorporated in 1920. It is now an important centre of

  • Vicugna vicugna (mammal)

    Vicu?a, (Lama, or Vicugna, vicugna), South American member of the camel family, Camelidae (order Artiodactyla), that is closely related to the alpaca, guanaco, and llama (known collectively as lamoids). Depending on the authority, the llama, alpaca, and guanaco may be classified as distinct species

  • vicu?a (mammal)

    Vicu?a, (Lama, or Vicugna, vicugna), South American member of the camel family, Camelidae (order Artiodactyla), that is closely related to the alpaca, guanaco, and llama (known collectively as lamoids). Depending on the authority, the llama, alpaca, and guanaco may be classified as distinct species

  • vicu?a fibre (animal-hair fibre)

    specialty hair fibre: alpaca, and vicu?a (q.q.v.) fibres, all from members of the genus Lama.

  • vicus (medieval settlement)

    history of the Low Countries: Economy: Smaller trade settlements (portus, or vicus) emerged at Tournai, Ghent, Brugge, Antwerp, Dinant, Namur, Huy, Liège, and Maastricht—a clear indication of the commercial importance of the Schelde and the Meuse.

  • Vicús (archaeological site, Peru)

    Native American art: Peru and highland Bolivia: Named Vicús after the valley in which it was uncovered and dating between 250 bc and ad 500, this civilization produced pottery that resembles the ware of nearby Ecuador and goldwork not unlike other early forms. The discovery of this civilization, unknown until the late 1960s,…

  • Vicus Ausonensis (Spain)

    Vic, city, Barcelona provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Catalonia, northeastern Spain. The city is situated on the Vic Plain and lies along the Meder River, which is an affluent of the Ter River. Because it was first inhabited by the Ausetanos, an ancient

  • Vicus Calidas (France)

    Vichy, town, Allier département, Auvergne-Rh?ne-Alpes région, central France. It lies on the east bank of the Allier River. Vichy is renowned as one of the largest spas in France. The town, largely modern and with a profusion of hotels, is separated from the river by parks surrounding the two

  • Vida a vida (work by Méndez)

    Spanish literature: Women poets: …prewar poetry—such as that in Vida a vida (1932; “Life to Life”)—exudes optimism and vitality, recalling the neopopular airs of Lorca and Alberti. Her exile poetry expresses pessimism, loss, violence, horror, anguish, uncertainty, and pain (e.g., Lluvias enlazadas [1939; “Interlaced Rains”]). Her last book was Vida; o, río (1979; “Life;…

  • vida breve, La (work by Onetti)

    Juan Carlos Onetti: …novel, La vida breve (1950; A Brief Life), he creates the mythical city of Santa María, which is also the setting of several subsequent novels. The book’s unhappy narrator fantasizes about living as another person but always encounters the same emptiness and helplessness that drove him to escape into fantasy…

  • vida breve, La (opera by Falla)

    Manuel de Falla: …other for a national opera, La vida breve (first performed in Nice, France, 1913).

  • vida como es, La (novel by Zunzunegui)

    Juan Antonio de Zunzunegui: La vida como es (1954; “Life As It Is”), considered his best work, depicts Madrid’s underworld and captures its argot and local colour.

  • Vida de San Millán (work by Berceo)

    Gonzalo de Berceo: In Vida de San Millán (c. 1234; “Life of Saint Millán”), Berceo promoted a local saint in order to encourage contributions to the monastery. Among his other works were Vida de Santa Oria (c. 1265; “Life of Saint Oria”), Milagros de Nuestra Se?ora (c. 1245–60; “Miracles…

  • vida del buscón, La (work by Quevedo)

    Francisco Gómez de Quevedo y Villegas: …remembered for his picaresque novel La vida del buscón (1626; “The Life of a Scoundrel”), which describes the adventures of “Paul the Sharper” in a grotesquely distorted world of thieves, connivers, and impostors. Quevedo’s Sue?os (1627; Dreams), fantasies of hell and death, written at intervals from 1606 to 1622, shows…

  • Vida do Arcebispo D. Frei Bartolomeu dos Mártires (work by Sousa)

    Luís de Sousa: In addition, he completed the Vida do Arcebispo D. Frei Bartolomeu dos Mártires (1619; “Life of Archbishop D[ominican] Friar Bartholomeu dos Mártires”), a biography of a 16th-century Portuguese Dominican friar who became archbishop of the see of Braga, Port. The biography is considered a literary masterpiece, as well as a…

  • vida es sue?o, La (play by Calderón)

    comedy: Divine comedies in the West and East: …Pedro Calderón de la Barca’s Life Is a Dream (1635) is an example; on the operatic stage, so is Mozart’s Magic Flute (1791), in spirit and form so like Shakespeare’s Tempest, to which it has often been compared. In later drama, Henrik Ibsen’s Little Eyolf (1894) and August Strindberg’s To…

  • vida verdadeira de Domingos Xavier, A (novella by Vieira)

    José Luandino Vieira: …verdadeira de Domingos Xavier (1974; The Real Life of Domingos Xavier) portrays the cruelty of white “justice” and the courage of African men and women in preindependent Angola. His other works—among them Velhas estórias (1974; “Old Stories”), Nós os do Makulusu (1974; “Our Gang from Makulusu”), Vidas novas (1975; “New…

  • Vida, ascendencia, nacimiento, crianza y aventuras (work by Villarroel)

    Diego de Torres Villarroel: …public, now remembered for his Vida, picaresque memoirs that are among the best sources for information on life in 18th-century Spain.

  • Vidal de la Blache, Paul (French geographer)

    Paul Vidal de La Blache, French geographer who had a profound influence on the development of modern geography. Vidal studied history and geography at the école Normale Supérieure, in Paris, and taught there from 1877 until he became professor of geography at the Sorbonne (1898–1918). Vidal’s life

  • Vidal et al v. Philadelphia et al (law case)

    Horace Binney: His second landmark case was Vidal et al v. Philadelphia et al (1844). In this case he successfully opposed Daniel Webster before the U.S. Supreme Court in arguing the city of Philadelphia’s right to carry out a charitable trust created by Stephen Girard for the founding of a school for…

  • Vidal, Eugene Luther (American writer)

    Gore Vidal, prolific American novelist and essayist who was as well known for his outspoken political opinions and his witty and satirical observations as he was for his irreverent and intellectually adroit fiction. He was also an actor and wrote for television, film, and the stage. Vidal graduated

  • Vidal, Eugene Luther Gore, Jr. (American writer)

    Gore Vidal, prolific American novelist and essayist who was as well known for his outspoken political opinions and his witty and satirical observations as he was for his irreverent and intellectually adroit fiction. He was also an actor and wrote for television, film, and the stage. Vidal graduated

  • Vidal, Gore (American writer)

    Gore Vidal, prolific American novelist and essayist who was as well known for his outspoken political opinions and his witty and satirical observations as he was for his irreverent and intellectually adroit fiction. He was also an actor and wrote for television, film, and the stage. Vidal graduated

  • Vídalín, Arngrímur Jónsson (Icelandic writer)

    Arngrímur Jónsson, scholar and historian who brought the treasures of Icelandic literature to the attention of Danish and Swedish scholars. Jónsson studied at the University of Copenhagen and returned to Iceland to head the Latin school at Hólar, which had been established to educate the new

  • Vídalín, Jón Thorkelsson (Icelandic bishop and author)

    Jón Thorkelsson Vídalín, Lutheran bishop, best known for his Húss-Postilla (1718–20; “Sermons for the Home”), one of the finest works of Icelandic prose of the 18th century. The son of a learned physician and a grandson of the scholar Arngrímur Jónsson the Learned, Vídalín was educated at Skálholt

  • Vidar (Germanic mythology)

    Fenrir: Odin’s son Vidar will avenge his father, stabbing the wolf to the heart according to one account and tearing his jaws asunder according to another. Fenrir figures prominently in Norwegian and Icelandic poetry of the 10th and 11th centuries, and the poets speak apprehensively of the day…

  • Vidas de espa?oles célebres (work by Quintana)

    Manuel José Quintana: …remembered for his Plutarchian portraits, Vidas de espa?oles célebres, 2 vol. (1807, 1830; “Lives of Famous Spaniards”), for his highly regarded literary criticism collected in the anthologies Colección de poesías castellanas (“Collected Castilian Poems”) and Musa épica (“Epic Muse”), and also for his few tragedies.

  • Vidas sêcas (novel by Ramos)

    Graciliano Ramos: …read novel, Vidas sêcas (Barren Lives), a story of a peasant family’s flight from drought. His Memórias do cárcere (1953; “Prison Memoirs”) was published posthumously.

  • Vidda (plateau, Norway)

    Hardanger Plateau, plateau in southwestern Norway. The largest peneplain (an eroded, almost level plain) in Europe, it has an area of about 2,500 square miles (6,500 square km) and an average elevation of 3,500 feet (1,100 metres). It traditionally has been home to an important stock of wild

  • Videha (ancient kingdom, India)

    Bihar: History: North of the Ganges was Videha, one of the kings of which was the father of Princess Sita, the wife of Lord Rama and the heroine of the Ramayana, one of the two great Hindu epic poems of India. During the same period, the capital of the ancient kingdom of…

  • Videla Redondo, Jorge Rafael (president of Argentina)

    Jorge Rafael Videla, career military officer who was president of Argentina from 1976 to 1981. His government was responsible for human rights abuses during Argentina’s “Dirty War,” which began as an attempt to suppress terrorism but resulted in the deaths of thousands of civilians. The son of an

  • Videla, Jorge Rafael (president of Argentina)

    Jorge Rafael Videla, career military officer who was president of Argentina from 1976 to 1981. His government was responsible for human rights abuses during Argentina’s “Dirty War,” which began as an attempt to suppress terrorism but resulted in the deaths of thousands of civilians. The son of an

  • Videň (national capital, Austria)

    Vienna, city and Bundesland (federal state), the capital of Austria. Of the country’s nine states, Vienna is the smallest in area but the largest in population. Modern Vienna has undergone several historical incarnations. From 1558 to 1918 it was an imperial city—until 1806 the seat of the Holy

  • video adapter (technology)

    Video card, Integrated circuit that generates the video signal sent to a computer display. The card is usually located on the computer motherboard or is a separate circuit board, but is sometimes built into the computer display unit. It contains a digital-to-analog module, as well as memory chips

  • video art

    Video art, form of moving-image art that garnered many practitioners in the 1960s and ’70s with the widespread availability of inexpensive videotape recorders and the ease of its display through commercial television monitors. Video art became a major medium for artists who wished to exploit the

  • video board (technology)

    Video card, Integrated circuit that generates the video signal sent to a computer display. The card is usually located on the computer motherboard or is a separate circuit board, but is sometimes built into the computer display unit. It contains a digital-to-analog module, as well as memory chips

  • video camera (electronics)

    technology of photography: Electronic photography: A still video camera resembling traditional photographic apparatus (the Sony Mavica single-lens reflex) was first demonstrated in 1981. It uses a fast-rotating magnetic disc, two inches in diameter, recording on it up to 50 separate video images formed in a solid-state device in the camera. The images…

  • video capsule endoscopy (medical procedure)

    endoscopy: …may require the use of wireless capsule endoscopy (video capsule endoscopy), which consists of a pill-sized camera that is swallowed. The camera transmits data to sensors that are attached to the abdomen with adhesive, and a data recorder that stores image information collected by the camera is attached to a…

  • video card (technology)

    Video card, Integrated circuit that generates the video signal sent to a computer display. The card is usually located on the computer motherboard or is a separate circuit board, but is sometimes built into the computer display unit. It contains a digital-to-analog module, as well as memory chips

  • video cassette

    television: Magnetic tape: In home videocassettes, the recorded signal is not in the formats described in the section Compatible colour television. Instead, the wave forms are converted to a “colour-under” format. Here the chrominance signal, rather than modulating a colour subcarrier located several megahertz above the picture carrier, is used…

  • video cassette recorder (electronics)

    Videocassette recorder, electromechanical device that records, stores, and plays back television programs on a television set by means of a cassette of magnetic tape. A videocassette recorder is commonly used to record television programs broadcast over the air or by cable and to play back

  • video compression (technology)

    data compression: ) Video compression can achieve compression ratios approaching 20-to-1 with minimal distortion.

  • video conference (computer science)

    Douglas Engelbart: …the world’s first public computer video conference in another window. Engelbart continued his research, building increasingly sophisticated input and display devices and improving the graphical user interface, but because of budget cuts at SRI most of his research staff migrated to other institutions such as Xerox Corporation’s Palo Alto Research…

  • video controller (technology)

    Video card, Integrated circuit that generates the video signal sent to a computer display. The card is usually located on the computer motherboard or is a separate circuit board, but is sometimes built into the computer display unit. It contains a digital-to-analog module, as well as memory chips

  • video detector (electronics)

    television: Basic receiver circuits: …in the output of the video detector, and it is thereupon operated on in circuits that ultimately recover the primary-colour signals originally produced by the colour camera. Recovery of the primary-colour signals starts in the synchronous detector, where the synchronizing signals are passed through circuits that separate the horizontal and…

  • video disc (electronics)

    Videodisc, rigid circular plate of either metal or plastic used to record video and audio signals for playback. It resembles a phonograph record and can be played on a disc machine attached to a conventional television receiver. There are two major classes of videodiscs: magnetic and nonmagnetic.

  • video disc jockey (television personality)

    MTV: …format of Top 40 radio, video disc jockeys (or “veejays”) introduced videos and bantered about music news between clips. After an initial splash, the network struggled in its early years. The music video reservoir was then somewhat shallow, resulting in frequent repetition of clips, and cable television remained a luxury…

  • video display terminal (computer technology)

    computerized typesetting: Some systems have a video display terminal (VDT), consisting of a keyboard and a CRT viewing screen, that enables the operator to see and correct the words as they are being typed. If a system has a line printer, it can produce printouts of “hard copy.”

  • video game

    Electronic game, any interactive game operated by computer circuitry. The machines, or “platforms,” on which electronic games are played include general-purpose shared and personal computers, arcade consoles, video consoles connected to home television sets, handheld game machines, mobile devices

  • video game console (electronic device)

    electronic fighting game: Home console games: Two reasons for the decline of arcades in the 1990s were the steep learning curve for newcomers to the fighting games and the increasing power of home video consoles. As the 16-bit home consoles, such as the Sega Genesis (1988) and the Super…

  • video graphics array (technology)

    VGA, computer chipset standard for displaying colour graphics. The definition of VGA has broadened to encompass the default standard for analog graphic display on personal computers (PCs), as well as for the hardware connection between PCs and cathode-ray tube (CRT) monitors. Introduced by IBM in

  • Video Home System (electronics)

    videocassette recorder: … format by Sony and the VHS format by the Matsushita Corporation in the 1970s, videocassette recorders became sufficiently inexpensive to be purchased by millions of families for use in the home. Both the VHS and Betamax systems use videotape that is 0.5 inch (13 mm) wide, but the two systems…

  • Video Mapping: A Medium for Projection Artists

    In 2013 several signal events not only promoted the Art form of video mapping but also increased its international profile as projection artists used the entire man-built world as a screen. Video mapping (or projection mapping) is an art form in which digital-image sequences are overlaid on the

  • video memory (electronics)

    computer: Main memory: …memory, computers generally have special video memory (VRAM) to hold graphical images, called bitmaps, for the computer display. This memory is often dual-ported—a new image can be stored in it at the same time that its current data is being read and displayed.

  • video poker machine (gambling device)

    casino: …machines and (from the 1980s) video poker machines are the economic mainstay of American casinos, the income resulting from high volume, rapid play at sums ranging from five cents to a dollar, and the ability to adjust machines for any desired profit. Another very common game offered in most casinos…

  • video RAM (electronics)

    computer: Main memory: …memory, computers generally have special video memory (VRAM) to hold graphical images, called bitmaps, for the computer display. This memory is often dual-ported—a new image can be stored in it at the same time that its current data is being read and displayed.

  • video random-access-memory (electronics)

    computer: Main memory: …memory, computers generally have special video memory (VRAM) to hold graphical images, called bitmaps, for the computer display. This memory is often dual-ported—a new image can be stored in it at the same time that its current data is being read and displayed.

  • video record (electronics)

    Videodisc, rigid circular plate of either metal or plastic used to record video and audio signals for playback. It resembles a phonograph record and can be played on a disc machine attached to a conventional television receiver. There are two major classes of videodiscs: magnetic and nonmagnetic.

  • video recorder (electronics)

    Video tape recorder, electromechanical device that records and reproduces an electronic signal containing audio and video information onto and from magnetic tape. It is commonly used for recording television productions that are intended for rebroadcasting to mass audiences. There are two types o

  • video recording

    television: Video recording: The recording of video signals on magnetic tape was a major technological accomplishment, first implemented during the 1950s in professional machines for use in television studios and later (by the 1970s) in videocassette recorders (VCRs) for use in homes. The home…

  • video tape recorder (electronics)

    Video tape recorder, electromechanical device that records and reproduces an electronic signal containing audio and video information onto and from magnetic tape. It is commonly used for recording television productions that are intended for rebroadcasting to mass audiences. There are two types o

  • video telephone (telephone)

    Videophone, device that simultaneously transmits and receives both audio and video signals over telephone lines. In addition to the two-way speech transmission traditionally associated with the telephone, for many years there has been an interest in transmitting two-way video signals over telephone

  • video-on-demand

    Video-on-demand (VOD), technology for delivering video content, such as movies and television shows, directly to individual customers for immediate viewing, regardless of broadcast schedules. In a cable television video-on-demand system, video content is stored on a centralized server in the form

  • videocassette

    television: Magnetic tape: In home videocassettes, the recorded signal is not in the formats described in the section Compatible colour television. Instead, the wave forms are converted to a “colour-under” format. Here the chrominance signal, rather than modulating a colour subcarrier located several megahertz above the picture carrier, is used…

  • videocassette recorder (electronics)

    Videocassette recorder, electromechanical device that records, stores, and plays back television programs on a television set by means of a cassette of magnetic tape. A videocassette recorder is commonly used to record television programs broadcast over the air or by cable and to play back

  • videoconferencing (communications)

    Videoconferencing, refers to the transmission of pictures and imagery (via video) and sounds (via audio) between two or more physically separate locations. Once the sole province of the corporate boardroom, videoconferencing is used today in telemedicine, distance education, theatrical productions,

  • videodisc (electronics)

    Videodisc, rigid circular plate of either metal or plastic used to record video and audio signals for playback. It resembles a phonograph record and can be played on a disc machine attached to a conventional television receiver. There are two major classes of videodiscs: magnetic and nonmagnetic.

  • videodisk (electronics)

    Videodisc, rigid circular plate of either metal or plastic used to record video and audio signals for playback. It resembles a phonograph record and can be played on a disc machine attached to a conventional television receiver. There are two major classes of videodiscs: magnetic and nonmagnetic.

  • Videodrome (film by Cronenberg [1983])

    David Cronenberg: Rabid, The Fly, and Crash: For his next film, Videodrome (1983), Cronenberg imagined a television channel that transmits content so sexually and violently graphic that it causes hallucinations and even physical mutations in those subjected to it.

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