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  • Victor Amadeus II (king of Sardinia-Piedmont)

    Victor Amadeus II, duke of Savoy who through his diplomacy became the first king of Sardinia-Piedmont and thus established the foundation for the future Italian national state. Victor Amadeus grew up under the protection of a regency that was headed by his mother, Marie de Savoie-Nemours (d. March

  • Victor Amadeus III (king of Sardinia)

    Victor Amadeus III, Savoyard king of Sardinia (Piedmont-Sardinia) from 1773 to 1796. Victor Amadeus, the son of Charles Emmanuel III, was incapable and extravagant, and he chose equally incapable ministers. On the outbreak of the French Revolution he sided with the royalists and was eventually

  • Victor B.2 (aircraft)

    Sir Frederick Handley Page: The Handley Page Victor B.2, a long-range medium bomber, was deployed with the Royal Air Force Bomber Command beginning in 1962. Page was knighted in 1942.

  • Victor Company of Japan (Japanese company)

    television: Magnetic tape: …Sony and then by the Victor Company of Japan (JVC), both using 12-mm (one-half-inch) tape packaged in a cassette. Two incompatible standards could not coexist for home use, and today the Sony Betamax system is obsolete and only the JVC Video Home System (VHS) has survived. Narrower 8-mm tape is…

  • Victor Emanuel Range (mountains, Papua New Guinea)

    Victor Emanuel Range, section of the central highlands, east of the Star Mountains, Papua New Guinea, southwestern Pacific Ocean. The rugged range, rising sheer from the south to over 10,000 feet (3,000 metres), is composed of coralline limestone, which is so porous that water falling on it quickly

  • Victor Emmanuel I (king of Sardinia)

    Victor Emmanuel I, duke of Aosta, duke of Savoy, and king of Sardinia (1802–21) on his brother Charles Emmanuel IV’s abdication. He participated in the First Coalition against Revolutionary France (1792–97). All his dominions save Sardinia were occupied by the French during 1802–14. His kingdom was

  • Victor Emmanuel II (king of Italy)

    Victor Emmanuel II, king of Sardinia–Piedmont who became the first king of a united Italy. Brought up in the court of his father, Charles Albert, and given a conventional monarchical education emphasizing religious and military training, he was married to his cousin Maria Adelaide, daughter of an

  • Victor Emmanuel II, Monument to (monument, Rome, Italy)

    Western architecture: Italy: …architectural expression is Giuseppe Sacconi’s Monument to Victor Emmanuel II, Rome (1885–1911). This amazingly confident, if generally unloved, re-creation of imperial Roman grandeur commemorates the king under whom Italian unity had been achieved in 1861.

  • Victor Emmanuel III (king of Italy)

    Victor Emmanuel III, king of Italy whose reign brought the end of the Italian monarchy. After a mainly military education, he came suddenly to the throne in 1900 on the assassination of his father, King Umberto I. A tractable constitutional monarch, he accepted a Liberal cabinet and readily

  • Victor Gollancz, Ltd. (British publication)

    Sir Victor Gollancz: …he founded his own firm, Victor Gollancz, Ltd. He quickly set the pattern that was to mark his entire career as a publisher, issuing both best sellers and works supporting his favoured causes. Among his better known authors were Harold Laski, John Strachey, A.J. Cronin, Dorothy Sayers, and John Le…

  • Victor Gruen Associates (American firm)

    Victor Gruen: In 1950 he established Victor Gruen Associates, a firm composed of professionals from all fields of engineering, architecture, and planning, and turned his attention to solving problems of modern urban areas for mass population. Besides Northland, his significant shopping centres include Southdale (Minneapolis, Minn.), Randhurst (Mount Prospect, Ill.), and…

  • Victor Harbor (South Australia, Australia)

    Victor Harbor, town and coastal resort, South Australia, situated at the mouth of the Inman River, on the northwest shore of Encounter Bay (so called for the chance meeting of the British explorer Matthew Flinders and the French navigator Nicolas Baudin, in 1802). Founded in 1839, the town was

  • Victor Hugo (sculpture by Rodin, 1886)

    Auguste Rodin: Discords and triumphs: … of Argentina, and the writers Victor Hugo and Honoré de Balzac, and each of the four monuments was challenged. In Nancy, France, the Claude statue and, in Buenos Aires, the President Sarmiento caused riots. The conflicts over the Victor Hugo and the Balzac were even more serious.

  • Victor Hugo (sculpture by Rodin, 1909)

    Auguste Rodin: Discords and triumphs: The conflicts over the Victor Hugo and the Balzac were even more serious.

  • Victor I, Saint (pope)

    Saint Victor I, ; feast day July 28), pope from about 189 to 198/199. After succeeding St. Eleutherius in 189, Victor tried to assert Roman authority in the early Christian church. Most notably, he tried to sanction the Roman date for Easter over that celebrated by the Quartodecimans of Asia Minor,

  • Victor II (pope)

    Victor II, pope from 1055 to 1057. Victor was of noble birth and was appointed bishop of Eichst?tt in 1042. He eventually became chief adviser to the Holy Roman emperor Henry III, who in 1054 nominated him as Pope St. Leo IX’s successor. After his consecration on April 13, 1055, Victor joined H

  • Victor III, Blessed (pope)

    Blessed Victor III, ; feast day September 16), pope from 1086 to 1087. Of noble birth, Dauferi entered the Benedictine monastery of Montecassino, where he changed his name to Desiderius and where in 1058 he succeeded Pope Stephen IX (X) as abbot. His rule at Montecassino marks the monastery’s

  • Victor IV (antipope [1138])

    Victor (IV), antipope from March to May 29, 1138. He was a cardinal when chosen pope by a faction opposing Pope Innocent II and led by King Roger II of Sicily and the powerful Pierleoni family. Victor succeeded the antipope Anacletus II (Pietro Pierleoni), but the renowned mystic abbot St. Bernard

  • Victor IV (antipope [1159–1164])

    Victor (IV), antipope from 1159 to 1164 and the second antipope designated as Victor IV. The first of four antipopes established against Pope Alexander III by the Holy Roman emperor Frederick I Barbarossa. (In adopting his papal name, he ignored the antipope Victor of 1138.) Made cardinal by Pope

  • Victor Talking Machine Company (American company)

    Camden: The Victor Talking Machine Company, founded in 1894 and purchased by the Radio Corporation of America (RCA) in 1929, further developed the phonograph in Camden and manufactured it there for more than three decades. Shipbuilding on the waterfront began about 1899.

  • Victor, Frances Auretta Fuller (American author and historian)

    Frances Auretta Fuller Victor, American writer and historian who wrote prolifically, and sometimes without acknowledgement, on the history of the western United States, particularly the Pacific Northwest. Frances Fuller grew up in Erie, Pennsylvania, and in Wooster, Ohio. She and her younger sister

  • Victor, Geraldo Bessa (Angolan poet)

    Geraldo Bessa Victor, Angolan lyric poet whose work expresses the dream of racial harmony and the need to recapture the openness and purity of childhood. Victor’s poetry in Portuguese includes Ecos dispersos (1941; “Scattered Echoes”), Ao som das marimbas (1943; “To the Sound of the Marimbas”),

  • Victor, Metta Victoria Fuller (American author)

    Metta Victoria Fuller Victor, American writer of popular fiction who is remembered as the author of many impassioned works on social ills and of a number of "dime novels," including one of the country’s first detective novels. Metta Fuller grew up in Erie, Pennsylvania, and from 1839 in Wooster,

  • Victor, Paul-émile (French explorer)

    Paul-émile Victor, French polar explorer and ethnologist who led more than 60 expeditions to the Arctic and Antarctic regions (b. June 28, 1907--d. March 7,

  • Victor, Sextus Aurelius (Roman historian and governor)

    ancient Rome: The remnants of pagan culture: The works of Sextus Aurelius Victor and Eutropius, who ably abridged earlier historical works, are fairly accurate and more reliable than the Scriptores historiae Augustae, a collection of imperial biographies of unequal value, undoubtedly composed under Theodosius but for an unknown purpose. Erudition was greatly prized in aristocratic…

  • Victor-Perrin, Claude, Duc De Bellune (French general)

    Claude Victor-Perrin, duke de Bellune, a leading French general of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars, who was created marshal of France in 1807. In 1781 he entered the army as a private soldier and, after 10 years’ service, received his discharge and settled at Valence. Soon afterward he

  • Victor/Victoria (film by Edwards [1982])

    Blake Edwards: Later films: …with their general praise for Victor/Victoria (1982), which received a clutch of Academy Award nominations. It was based on a 1933 German film and starred Andrews as a starving performer in 1930s Paris who poses as a female impersonator to get work. When a Chicago mobster (James Garner) falls in…

  • Victoria (Malaysia)

    Labuan: Its chief town, Victoria, on the southeastern coast, is a free port whose deep, well-sheltered harbour is the principal transshipment point for the state of Brunei, northern Sarawak, and much of western Sabah. Low-lying and well-cultivated, the island has an extensive road network and a large airfield. Its…

  • Victoria (queen of United Kingdom)

    Victoria, queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1837–1901) and empress of India (1876–1901). She was the last of the house of Hanover and gave her name to an era, the Victorian Age. During her reign the British monarchy took on its modern ceremonial character. She and her

  • Victoria (wife of Frederick III of Prussia)

    Victoria, consort of the emperor Frederick III of Germany and eldest child of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Great Britain. Well-educated and multilingual from childhood (spent largely at Windsor and Buckingham Palace), Victoria remained all her life strongly devoted to England and, even after

  • Victoria (state, Australia)

    Victoria, state of southeastern Australia, occupying a mountainous coastal region of the continent. Victoria is separated from New South Wales to the north by the Murray River for a length of about 1,065 miles (1,715 km) and by an additional boundary of some 110 miles (180 km) linking Cape Howe and

  • Victoria (Gozo Island, Malta)

    Gozo: Its principal town, Victoria, also called Rabat, stands near the middle of the island on one of a cluster of steep hills in an intensively cultivated area. The megalithic temple Ggantija, to the east of Victoria, is noteworthy. Considered to be more fertile than Malta, Gozo depends heavily…

  • Victoria (Cameroon)

    Limbe, town and port located in southwestern Cameroon. It lies along Ambas Bay in the Gulf of Guinea, at the southern foot of Mount Cameroon, just south of Buea. The town was founded in 1858 by Baptist missionaries, and several historical monuments dating from the colonial 1890s have been

  • Victoria (national capital, Seychelles)

    Victoria, town and capital of the Republic of Seychelles, located on the northeastern coast of Mahé Island, the largest island in the Seychelles group. Victoria is the only port of the archipelago and the only town of any size in Seychelles. Some one-third of the people of Mahé Island live in

  • Victoria (Texas, United States)

    Victoria, city, seat (1836) of Victoria county, southern Texas, U.S. It lies along the Guadalupe River, some 85 miles (135 km) northeast of Corpus Christi. Founded in 1824 by Spanish settlers under Martín de León, it was named to honour both Nuestra Se?ora de Guadalupe de Jesus Victoria (Our Lady

  • Victoria (water lily genus)

    water lily: …the tropical South American genus Victoria, comprising two species of giant water lilies. The leaf margins of both the Amazon, or royal, water lily (V. amazonica, formerly V. regia) and the Santa Cruz water lily (V. cruziana) have upturned edges, giving each thickly veined leaf the appearance of a large,…

  • Victoria (British Columbia, Canada)

    Victoria, city, capital of British Columbia, Canada, located on the southern tip of Vancouver Island between the Juan de Fuca and Haro straits, approximately 60 miles (100 km) south-southwest of the province’s largest city, Vancouver. Victoria is the largest urban area on the island. It has the

  • Victoria (Hong Kong, China)

    Victoria, densely populated urban area in Hong Kong, a special administrative region of China. It lies on the north shore of Hong Kong Island, across a strait from Kowloon on the Chinese mainland, with which it is connected by ferry and by automobile and mass transit railway tunnels. Victoria is

  • Victoria (Roman goddess)

    Victoria, in Roman religion, personification of victory, the equivalent of the Greek goddess Nike. She was often associated with Jupiter, Mars, and other deities and was especially worshipped by the army. In later times she had three or four sanctuaries at Rome, including a temple on the Palatine

  • victoria (French carriage)

    Victoria, French carriage, named for Queen Victoria at least by 1844, and renowned for its elegance. It was first imported into England by the Prince of Wales in 1869, where it rapidly gained popularity. It was usually pulled by one or two horses. The victoria was a low, light, four-wheeled,

  • Victoria Adelaide Mary Louise (wife of Frederick III of Prussia)

    Victoria, consort of the emperor Frederick III of Germany and eldest child of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Great Britain. Well-educated and multilingual from childhood (spent largely at Windsor and Buckingham Palace), Victoria remained all her life strongly devoted to England and, even after

  • Victoria amazonica (plant)

    water lily: …leaf margins of both the Amazon, or royal, water lily (V. amazonica, formerly V. regia) and the Santa Cruz water lily (V. cruziana) have upturned edges, giving each thickly veined leaf the appearance of a large, shallow pan 60 to 180 cm (about 2 to 6 feet) across and accounting…

  • Victoria and Abdul (film by Frears [2017])

    Stephen Frears: He followed with Victoria and Abdul (2017), about the unlikely friendship between the aging Queen Victoria and her young servant from India, Abdul Karim.

  • Victoria and Albert Museum (museum, London, United Kingdom)

    Victoria and Albert Museum, British museum that houses what is generally regarded as the world’s greatest collection of the decorative arts. It is located in South Kensington, London, near the Science Museum and the Natural History Museum. The foundation of the museum dates from 1852, when the

  • Victoria Basin (area, Cape Town, South Africa)

    Cape Town: The city layout: …newly sheltered area was named Victoria Basin. Dredging for the Duncan Dock, built between 1938 and 1945 to accommodate larger vessels, and for the Ben Schoeman Dock in 1977, resulted in the reclamation of 480 acres (194 hectares) along the shore, referred to as the Foreshore. Adderley Street was extended…

  • Victoria Bay (inlet, Sea of Japan)

    Peter the Great Bay, inlet, Sea of Japan, northwestern Pacific Ocean, in the Maritime (Primorye) region of far eastern Russia. The bay extends for 115 miles (185 km) from the mouth of the Tumen River (on the Russian-Chinese border) northeast across to Cape Povorotny. The bay reaches inland for 55

  • Victoria College (college, Cobourg, Ontario, Canada)

    Egerton Ryerson: The school was renamed Victoria College in 1841, and he was its principal.

  • Victoria College (school, Alexandria, Egypt)

    Alexandria: Education: …most notable among these was Victoria College, an elite British institution founded in 1902. Its many famous students have included the Arab nationalist historian and advocate George Antonius (1891–1942) and King ?ussein of Jordan.

  • Victoria Crater (Martian impact crater)

    Mars Exploration Rover: Opportunity entered Victoria crater, an impact crater roughly 800 metres (2,600 feet) in diameter and 70 metres (230 feet) deep, on September 11, 2007, on the riskiest trek yet for either of the rovers. On August 28, 2008, Opportunity emerged from Victoria crater and set off on…

  • Victoria Cross (British military decoration)

    Victoria Cross, the highest decoration for valour in the British armed forces, awarded for extreme bravery in the face of the enemy. It was instituted in 1856 by Queen Victoria at the request of her consort, Prince Albert. The first crosses were awarded during the Crimean War. In 1858, new statutes

  • Victoria cruziana (plant)

    water lily: regia) and the Santa Cruz water lily (V. cruziana) have upturned edges, giving each thickly veined leaf the appearance of a large, shallow pan 60 to 180 cm (about 2 to 6 feet) across and accounting for its common name, water platter. The fragrant flowers of Victoria have…

  • Victoria Day (Canadian holiday)

    Victoria Day, Canadian holiday on which the British sovereign’s birthday is celebrated. In 1845, during the reign of Queen Victoria, May 24, the queen’s birthday, was declared a holiday in Canada. After Victoria’s death in 1901, an act of the Canadian Parliament established Victoria Day as a legal

  • Victoria de Junín: Canto a Bolívar, La (work by Olmedo)

    José Joaquín Olmedo: …which he is best remembered, La victoria de Junín: Canto a Bolívar (1825; “The Victory at Junín: Song to Bolívar”), commemorates the decisive battle won there by the forces of the liberator Simón Bolívar against the Spanish armies. Neoclassical in form, yet Romantic in inspiration and imagery, the Canto a…

  • Victoria de las Tunas (Cuba)

    Victoria de las Tunas, city, eastern Cuba. It is located about 45 miles (72 km) west of Holguín. The city is principally a commercial and manufacturing centre for a rich agricultural and pastoral hinterland, whose major yields are sugarcane, bananas, oranges, and cattle; beeswax and honey are also

  • Victoria deorum (work by Klonowic)

    Sebastian Klonowic: …satirical and didactic Latin poem Victoria deorum (1587; “The Victory of the Gods”) Klonowic contends that true nobility depends not upon birth but upon character.

  • Victoria Falls (Zimbabwe)

    Victoria Falls, township, northwestern Zimbabwe. It is located on the south bank of the Zambezi River adjacent to Victoria Falls, the greatest waterfall in Africa. The town faces Livingstone (Maramba), Zambia, across the river. The first storage and rest huts in the original village were built in

  • Victoria Falls (waterfall, Zambia-Zimbabwe)

    Victoria Falls, spectacular waterfall located about midway along the course of the Zambezi River, at the border between Zambia to the north and Zimbabwe to the south. Approximately twice as wide and twice as deep as Niagara Falls, the waterfall spans the entire breadth of the Zambezi River at one

  • Victoria Falls Bridge (bridge, Zambia and Zimbabwe)

    Sir Ralph Freeman: His works include the Victoria Falls Bridge over the Zambezi River, on the border of present-day Zimbabwe and Zambia; the Royal Naval Propellant factory built during World War II; the Furness shipbuilding yard in Lancashire; and five major bridges in southern Africa. He also prepared designs for the bridge…

  • Victoria Falls National Park (national park, Zimbabwe)

    Victoria Falls: It is surrounded by Victoria Falls National Park. The township has an international airport 14 miles (22 km) away. Pop. (2002) 31,519; (2012) 33,660.

  • Victoria Fossil Cave (cave, Naracoorte, Australia)

    Naracoorte: In the park’s Victoria Fossil Cave, a rich deposit of fossil bones was discovered in 1969; the fossil chamber is estimated to contain more than 5,000 tons of bone-laden sediment, including the remains of the giant diprotodon and some 100 other species, many of which are now extinct.…

  • Victoria Harbour (strait, Hong Kong, China)

    Hong Kong: Relief: Victoria (Hong Kong) Harbour is well protected by mountains on Hong Kong Island that include Victoria Peak in the west, which rises to 1,810 feet (552 metres), and Mount Parker in the east, which reaches a height of about 1,742 feet (531 metres).

  • Victoria Ingrid Alice Désirée, Crown Princess of Sweden, Duchess of V?sterg?tland (Swedish princess)

    Crown Princess Victoria , heir apparent to the Swedish throne, the eldest child of King Carl XVI Gustav and Queen Silvia. If crowned, Victoria would become the first reigning queen in the house of Bernadotte, the royal family of Sweden since 1818. Although Victoria was firstborn, her younger

  • Victoria Island (island, Canada)

    Victoria Island, second largest island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Divided administratively between the Northwest Territories and the territory of Nunavut, it is separated from the mainland on the south by Dolphin and Union Strait, Coronation Gulf, Dease Strait, and Queen Maud Gulf. It is

  • Victoria Land (region, Antarctica)

    Victoria Land, physical region in eastern Antarctica, bounded by the Ross Sea (east) and Wilkes Land (west) and lying north of the Ross Ice Shelf. It was discovered in 1841 by a British expedition led by Sir James Clark Ross, and it was named for Queen Victoria. It consists largely of snow-covered

  • Victoria Lines Fault (geological formation, Malta)

    Malta: Relief: …that bisects it along the Victoria Lines Fault running along the whole breadth of the island from Point ir-Ra?eb near Fomm ir-Ri? Bay to the coast northeast of G?arg?ur at Madliena Fort. The highest areas are coralline limestone uplands that constitute a triangular plateau; Ta’ ?uta, which rises to 830…

  • Victoria Mary Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes (queen of Great Britain)

    Mary of Teck, queen consort of King George V of Great Britain and the mother of kings Edward VIII (afterward duke of Windsor) and George VI. Mary was the only daughter of Prinz (Prince; or, after 1871, Herzog [Duke]) von Teck, who was a member of the royal house of Württemberg. She was also a

  • Victoria Memorial (building, Kolkata, India)

    Kolkata: Architecture: Victoria Memorial Hall represents an attempt to combine classical Western influence with Mughal architecture; the Nakhoda Mosque is modeled on the tomb of the Mughal emperor Akbar at Sikandra; the Birla Planetarium is based on the stupa (Buddhist reliquary) at Sanchi. The Ramakrishna Mission Institute…

  • Victoria Memorial Hall (building, Kolkata, India)

    Kolkata: Architecture: Victoria Memorial Hall represents an attempt to combine classical Western influence with Mughal architecture; the Nakhoda Mosque is modeled on the tomb of the Mughal emperor Akbar at Sikandra; the Birla Planetarium is based on the stupa (Buddhist reliquary) at Sanchi. The Ramakrishna Mission Institute…

  • Victoria Nile (river, Uganda)

    Victoria Nile, river in Uganda that forms the upper section of the Nile River, flowing some 300 miles (480 km). It issues from the northern end of Lake Victoria at Ripon Falls (now submerged), west of Jinja, and flows northwest over the Nalubaale and Kiira dams at Owen Falls, through Lake Kyoga,

  • Victoria Nyanza (lake, Africa)

    Lake Victoria, largest lake in Africa and chief reservoir of the Nile, lying mainly in Tanzania and Uganda but bordering on Kenya. Its area is 26,828 square miles (69,484 square km). Among the freshwater lakes of the world, it is exceeded in size only by Lake Superior in North America. It is an

  • Victoria Peak (mountain, Hong Kong, China)

    Hong Kong: Relief: …Hong Kong Island that include Victoria Peak in the west, which rises to 1,810 feet (552 metres), and Mount Parker in the east, which reaches a height of about 1,742 feet (531 metres).

  • Victoria Peak (mountain, Belize)

    Victoria Peak, highest point (3,681 ft [1,122 m]) in the Cockscomb Range, a spur of the Maya Mountains in central Belize, 30 mi (48 km) southwest of Stann

  • Victoria regia (plant)

    water lily: …leaf margins of both the Amazon, or royal, water lily (V. amazonica, formerly V. regia) and the Santa Cruz water lily (V. cruziana) have upturned edges, giving each thickly veined leaf the appearance of a large, shallow pan 60 to 180 cm (about 2 to 6 feet) across and accounting…

  • Victoria River (river, Australia)

    Victoria River, longest river in Northern Territory, Australia. The river rises in low sand hills at 1,200 feet (370 m) elevation north of Hooker Creek. It flows north and northwest for about 350 miles (560 km) across a region of hills and basins to enter Joseph Bonaparte Gulf of the Timor Sea via

  • Victoria Station (railroad station, London, United Kingdom)

    Victoria Station, railway station in the borough of Westminster, London. It stands just south of Buckingham Palace. Victoria Station is actually two 19th-century stations combined into one unit. The eastern portion was built for the London, Chatham and Dover Railway, and the western side was

  • Victoria Strait (strait, Northwest Territories, Canada)

    Victoria Strait, southern arm of the Arctic Ocean, lying between Victoria Island on the west and King William Island on the east, in eastern Kitikmeot region, Northwest Territories, Canada. The strait is about 100 miles (160 km) long and from 50 to 80 miles (80 to 130 km) wide. It connects Queen

  • Victoria Terminus (building, Mumbai, India)

    Mumbai: City layout: …still stand today—most notably the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus), the city’s main train station and headquarters of India’s Central Railway company. The older administrative and commercial buildings are intermingled with skyscrapers and multistoried concrete-block buildings.

  • Victoria University of Wellington (university, Wellington, New Zealand)

    Samoa: Education: …at overseas institutions such as Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, the University of Hawaii, and Brigham Young University–Hawaii.

  • Victoria Valley (valley, Antarctica)

    Antarctica: Glaciation: as the Wright, Taylor, and Victoria valleys near McMurdo Sound. Doubt has been shed on the common belief that Antarctic ice has continuously persisted since its origin by the discovery reported in 1983 of Cenozoic marine diatoms—believed to date from the Pliocene Epoch (about 5.3 million to 2.6 million years…

  • Victoria West (neighborhood, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada)

    Victoria: The contemporary city: …is the historic neighbourhood of Victoria West (known as Vic West). This working-class residential neighbourhood became part of the municipality of Victoria in 1890 and was connected to downtown by the Johnson Street Bridge in 1924. Other bridges run north of Vic West to neighbouring Burnside, a large region that…

  • Victoria, Baldomero Espartero, duque de la (regent of Spain)

    Baldomero Espartero, prince de Vergara, Spanish general and statesman, victor in the First Carlist War, and regent. The son of working-class parents, Espartero entered the army at age 15 and fought with Spanish forces in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars and in the rebellious Americas.

  • Victoria, Crown Princess (Swedish princess)

    Crown Princess Victoria , heir apparent to the Swedish throne, the eldest child of King Carl XVI Gustav and Queen Silvia. If crowned, Victoria would become the first reigning queen in the house of Bernadotte, the royal family of Sweden since 1818. Although Victoria was firstborn, her younger

  • Victoria, flag of (Australian flag)

    Australian flag consisting of a blue field (background) bearing the Union Jack in the canton and a crown and Southern Cross constellation at the fly end. The flag may be described as a defaced Blue Ensign.Perhaps as early as 1823 the Southern Cross constellation was incorporated in a flag

  • Victoria, Guadalupe (president of Mexico)

    Guadalupe Victoria, Mexican soldier and political leader who was the first president of the Mexican Republic. Victoria left law school to join the movement for independence from Spain, fighting under José María Morelos in 1812. He changed his name to show his devotion to the cause of Mexican

  • Victoria, La (district, Peru)

    La Victoria, distrito (district) of the Lima-Callao metropolitan area of Peru, south of downtown Lima. It is mainly residential, with slums in the north, pueblos jóvenes (“young towns”), or squatter settlements, in the east, and middle-income housing in the south. The district is the site of Peru’s

  • Victoria, Lake (lake, Africa)

    Lake Victoria, largest lake in Africa and chief reservoir of the Nile, lying mainly in Tanzania and Uganda but bordering on Kenya. Its area is 26,828 square miles (69,484 square km). Among the freshwater lakes of the world, it is exceeded in size only by Lake Superior in North America. It is an

  • Victoria, Mount (mountain, Wellington, New Zealand)

    Wellington: Mount Victoria rises 643 feet (196 metres) near the centre of the city. Wellington is in a fault zone and has survived several earthquakes.

  • Victoria, Mount (mountain, Fiji)

    Viti Levu: Tomanivi (formerly Mount Victoria), the highest point in Fiji, rises to 4,344 feet (1,324 metres). The mountain range divides the island climatically into a wet southeastern section (120 inches [3,050 mm] of rain annually) and a dry northwestern section (70–90 inches (1,800–2,300 mm).

  • Victoria, Mount (mountain, Myanmar)

    Chin Hills: …reach a high point in Mount Victoria (10,150 feet [3,100 metres]). At the Myanmar-India frontier, the Chin Hills adjoin the Mizo Hills and the Manipur Hills of the Purvachal, or Eastern Highlands, of India. Demarcated by the Myittha River on the east and the headstreams of the Kaladan River on…

  • Victoria, National Gallery of (museum, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia)

    National Gallery of Victoria, major Australian art museum, located in Melbourne, Victoria, with collections ranging over European, Asian, and Australian art of all periods. The museum was once housed entirely in the Victorian Arts Centre, with a Great Hall featuring a dramatic stained-glass ceiling

  • Victoria, Science Museum of (museum, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia)

    museum: Other national and regional museums: …Victoria in 1861 and the Science Museum of Victoria in 1870. In Cairo the Egyptian Museum was established in 1858. These all followed the European model, and even in South America art collections tended to be predominately of European origin, to the neglect of indigenous works of art.

  • Victoria, Tomás Luis de (Spanish composer)

    Tomás Luis de Victoria, Spanish composer who ranks with Palestrina and Orlando di Lasso among the greatest composers of the 16th century. Victoria was sent by King Philip II of Spain in 1565 to prepare for holy orders at the German College in Rome. There he probably studied with Giovanni da

  • Victoria, University of (university, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada)

    University of Victoria, public university in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, established in 1963. It traces its origins to Victoria College (1903) and received degree-granting status with its founding as the University of Victoria. It has faculties of business, education, engineering, fine

  • Victoria-Hansom (French carriage)

    victoria: …two extra passengers, and the Victoria-Hansom was an improved hansom cab with a collapsible hood.

  • Victoriacum (Spain)

    Vitoria-Gasteiz, capital of álava provincia (province), in Basque Country comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), northeastern Spain. It is located north of the Vitoria Hills on the Zadorra River, southwest of San Sebastián. Founded as Victoriacum by the Visigothic king Leovigild to celebrate

  • Victorian Age (historical period, United Kingdom)

    Victorian era, in British history, the period between approximately 1820 and 1914, corresponding roughly but not exactly to the period of Queen Victoria’s reign (1837–1901) and characterized by a class-based society, a growing number of people able to vote, a growing state and economy, and

  • Victorian architecture

    Victorian architecture, building style of the Gothic Revival that marks the movement from a sentimental phase to one of greater exactitude. Its principles, especially honesty of expression, were first laid down in The True Principles of Pointed or Christian Architecture (1841) by Augustus Pugin

  • Victorian Certificate (Australian education)

    Victoria: Education: …1990s the introduction of the Victorian Certificate was a major development; its aim has been to encourage students to complete a full 13-year course and to provide a foundation for their further study, working lives, and participation in society.

  • Victorian era (historical period, United Kingdom)

    Victorian era, in British history, the period between approximately 1820 and 1914, corresponding roughly but not exactly to the period of Queen Victoria’s reign (1837–1901) and characterized by a class-based society, a growing number of people able to vote, a growing state and economy, and

  • Victorian ethos (sociology)

    history of Europe: Victorian morality: To be sure, not everybody in Europe believed or worried about these affirmations. And although ideas long debated do in the end filter down to the least intellectual layers of the population, the time and place of triumph for a philosophy are limited…

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