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Education

Promoting the development of the intellectual faculties in young people and teaching the values and the accumulated knowledge of a society is no easy task, and it's one that carries great responsibility. From the time of Plato, schools and academies have had an important role in the cultural molding of the young generations. This discipline is concerned with the methods of teaching and learning, which are an additional support to the informal means usually provided by the familial nucleus. Modern universities, colleges, and specialized academies provide an education often geared toward a specific professional field in all areas of human knowledge.
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Teaching
Teaching, the profession of those who give instruction, especially in an elementary or a secondary school or in a university. Measured in terms of its members, teaching is the world’s largest profession. In the late 20th century it was estimated that there were 30 million teachers throughout the...
Encyclopedia / Education
An adult education class.
Philosophy of education
Philosophy of education, philosophical reflection on the nature, aims, and problems of education. The philosophy of education is Janus-faced, looking both inward to the parent discipline of philosophy and outward to educational practice. (In this respect it is like other areas of “applied”...
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Socrates, Roman fresco, 1st century bce; in the Ephesus Museum, Sel?uk, Turkey.
John Amos Comenius
John Amos Comenius, Czech educational reformer and religious leader, remembered mainly for his innovations in methods of teaching, especially languages. He favoured the learning of Latin to facilitate the study of European culture. Janua Linguarum Reserata (1632; The Gate of Tongues Unlocked)...
Biography
Walter Gropius
Walter Gropius, German American architect and educator who, particularly as director of the Bauhaus (1919–28), exerted a major influence on the development of modern architecture. His works, many executed in collaboration with other architects, included the school building and faculty housing at...
Biography
Walter Gropius
Distance learning
Distance learning, form of education in which the main elements include physical separation of teachers and students during instruction and the use of various technologies to facilitate student-teacher and student-student communication. Distance learning traditionally has focused on nontraditional...
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Preschool education
Preschool education, education during the earliest phases of childhood, beginning in infancy and ending upon entry into primary school at about five, six, or seven years of age (the age varying from country to country). The institutional arrangements for preschool education vary widely around the...
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Higher education
Higher education, any of various types of education given in postsecondary institutions of learning and usually affording, at the end of a course of study, a named degree, diploma, or certificate of higher studies. Higher-educational institutions include not only universities and colleges but also...
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Legal education
Legal education, preparation for the practice of law. Instruction in law has been offered in universities since medieval times, but, since the advent of university-based law schools in the 18th and 19th centuries, legal education has faced the challenge of reconciling its aim of teaching law as one...
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William Blackstone, oil painting attributed to Sir Joshua Reynolds; in the National Portrait Gallery, London.
Encyclop?dia Britannica
Encyclop?dia Britannica, the oldest English-language general encyclopaedia. The Encyclop?dia Britannica was first published in 1768, when it began to appear in Edinburgh, Scotland. Since its founding, the Encyclop?dia Britannica has relied upon both outside experts and its own editors with various...
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Encyclop?dia Britannica
John Dewey
John Dewey, American philosopher and educator who was a founder of the philosophical movement known as pragmatism, a pioneer in functional psychology, and a leader of the progressive movement in education in the United States. Dewey graduated with a bachelor’s degree from the University of Vermont...
Biography
John Dewey
Medical education
Medical education, course of study directed toward imparting to persons seeking to become physicians the knowledge and skills required for the prevention and treatment of disease. It also develops the methods and objectives appropriate to the study of the still unknown factors that produce disease...
Encyclopedia / Education
Teacher education
Teacher education, any of the formal programs that have been established for the preparation of teachers at the elementary- and secondary-school levels. While arrangements of one kind or another for the education of the young have existed at all times and in all societies, it is only recently that...
Encyclopedia / Education
Education
Education, discipline that is concerned with methods of teaching and learning in schools or school-like environments as opposed to various nonformal and informal means of socialization (e.g., rural development projects and education through parent-child relationships). Education can be thought of...
Encyclopedia / Education
Margaret Mead

Education Subcategories

Wright, Frank Lloyd: Fallingwater Museums
Museum, institution dedicated to preserving and interpreting the primary tangible evidence of humankind and the environment. In its preserving of this primary evidence, the museum differs markedly from the library, with which it has often been compared, for the items housed in a museum are mainly unique and constitute the raw material of study and research.
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